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Do our greatest marketing influencers date back to the 1930s?
By our News Team | 2023
Ronaldo has over 500-million social media followers, but he’s arguably far from being the most enduringly successful influencer to date.
Who were the first influencers? Gen Zeders and Millennials will likely turn to the early years of social media for the answer. But influencer marketing predates digital technology by decades, perhaps centuries.
Santa Claus – or Father Christmas if you prefer – is one such example. The chubby, jolly old man in his red and white suit was actually a creation by Coca-Cola in 1931 to promote its brand.
Long-forgotten actors and actresses were the ‘influencers’ who first made shopping trolleys acceptable in the 1930s. Photo credit: Unknown
Certainly, there was already a sometimes slightly sinister figure from European folklore known by various names including Saint Nicholas and Sinterklaas. But the loveable red-and-white clad figure of today was purely a marketing creation and, given his enduring global popularity, remains arguably the most successful influencer to date.
Influencers have made many other commercial projects possible over the years. The humble and ubiquitous shopping trolley, for example, owes its success to a clever influencer strategy that also dates back to the 1930s.
How influencers ‘pushed’ the shopping trolley
In a LinkedIn post this week – headlined ‘Influencers campaigns date back to 1937’ – the Chief Commerce Strategy Officer at Publicis, Jason Goldberg, emphasised how Sylvan Goldman, a successful US-based retail guru of the era, introduced shopping carts to his store in an effort to get customers to buy more items.
Surprisingly, though, people were sceptical. Women thought they were too similar to baby prams and men though they were too effeminate as, at that time, pushing prams was the preserve of mothers and grandmothers.
Undaunted, Goldman hired actors and actress of varying ages to stroll around his store using the shopping trolleys. This normalised the behaviour and soon everyone was doing it. The unsung and long-forgotten actors and actresses who pushed those first shopping trolleys were, in fact, mega-influencers for a trend that persists more than 80 years later!
Noted Wired magazine in a January 2023 article: “The gimmick ended up paying off – a good reminder that influencer marketing is nothing new.”
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Kalu has been with the agency since 2016 and brings a wide range of experience and professional expertise to his new role.