Brands can use social media to stimulate both engagement and sales
By our News Team | 2022
If used correctly, ‘owned’ media can boost bottom-line sales while also enhancing consumer engagement, Dutch researchers find.
Researchers from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Free University of Amsterdam) in the Netherlands have published new research that examines the impact of owned social media on customer engagement and sales.
The study, forthcoming in the American Marketing Association’s peer-reviewed Journal of Marketing, is authored by Georgia Liadeli, Francesca Sotgiu, and Peeter W.J. Verlegh.
Photo by Alexander Shatov on Unsplash
With more than 3-billion social media users worldwide, brands have long recognised the importance of establishing a strong social media presence. Recent surveys indicate that over 91% of firms will increase social media marketing budgets in the next three years and that 62% of consumers believe brands will succeed in the long run only if they have a strong social media presence.
The content that brands create and share through their own social media channels is commonly called ‘owned media’ – as opposed to ‘earned media’ (other people talking about your brand) or ‘paid media’ (paying for your brand to reach an audience).
“While brands are increasingly investing in owned social media, many are unsure about the overall return on their social media presence and ask how they can design more effective social media campaigns along the purchase funnel,” observes Liadeli.
In other words, firms ask the following questions:
- How effective are owned social media and do they only drive engagement, or also sales?
- Can the content that generates social media engagement also be used to improve sales?
- Is a firm’s owned social media equally effective across settings? Is it more effective for hedonic brands than for functional brands?
Research based on 86 studies in 17 countries
This new study about the impact of owned social media on social media engagement and sales is based on 86 studies, conducted between 2011-2021, that cover 31 industries, 14 platforms and 17 countries.
“Contrary to managerial beliefs that owned social media are primarily an engagement tool, we observe a stronger impact of owned social media on sales. There may be many consumers who ‘like’ individual posts or take the time to leave a comment or share the post from their personal accounts, but brands may be underestimating the impact of their owned social media by focusing on such easy-to-measure metrics,” Sotgiu explains.
To create engagement via social content, companies are often advised to include a question at the end of their posts or create a contest.
“However,” says Verlegh, “our study shows that the most effective content to stimulate social media engagement is to focus on emotions, such as with funny or touching posts. But if the goal is to stimulate sales, social media content should focus on communicating information and product benefits and steer away from the emotional.”
The study provides the following guidelines for Chief Marketing Officers and social media managers:
- Balance ‘what you say’ and ‘how you say it’ depending on the goal: Focus on the ‘how’ to engage consumers with more emotional content and on the ‘what’ to stimulate sales with more informational content (e.g., the Oreo sweet and confectionary brand recently boosted its sales using an informational post on Facebook about a recipe featuring its limited-edition red velvet flavour).
- It is not necessary to always grow communities to reach as many consumers as possible. Owned social media are more effective for small brand communities with consumers valuing the intimacy of a small community with greater trust in the brand and its messages.
- Social networks like Facebook and Instagram are better suited for stimulating social media engagement than microblogs such as Twitter. This suggests that strength and trust are more important than open access and wide dissemination.
- The introduction of advertising on different platforms weakened the effect of owned social media on engagement. While advertising may amplify the engagement of owned social media content, it can distract the audience and reduce its contribution.
- It may be suboptimal for brands to use one social media strategy across different geographies, so managers should adapt strategies to account for differences in country characteristics. The increasing use of social media on smartphones amplifies the impact of owned social media on sales, and managers can expect stronger sales effects in countries with a greater mobile phone penetration.